Grid Ref : NY 639257
Kirkby Thore is a village between Temple Sowerby and Appleby, beside the busy A66 trunk road. The village lies between the Pennines to the east and is skirted by the River Eden, with the Lake District to the west.
There are magnificent views across the Eden valley from here – a fact that would have appealed to the Romans who built their camp BRAVONIACVM here. There was a cavalry fort, guarding the Stainmore Gap, but nothing remains now with the stones being re-used for more recent buildings.
Gypsum (hydrated calcium sulphate) has been quarried or mined at Kirkby Thore for over 200 years. The British Gypsum plant is a major source of plaster building materials and also hosts a training centre for their uses. Large amounts of desulphogypsum are transported via the Settle to Carlisle railway to Kirkby Thore for processing.
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