Castles in Cumbria

Julius Caesar landed twice in Britain in 55 BC and 56 BC, but the lasting occupation started in AD 43. Throughout the period of Roman rule, the north west was primarily a military region, with a complex of roads and defences. The Roman Fort was a key factor in the control of a country, and some form of fortification was built at regular intervals along the main roads.

 

When William the Conqueror had established his rule over the main part of Britain, he consolidated his position by putting his loyal supporters in castles across the country, in a similar process to that used by the Romans. Castle building was undertaken by the King and his Norman barons.

 

By Tudor times, castles were built for their magnificence and comfort rather than their defensive might. Many old castles were dismantled so the stone could be used for modern buildings.

Roman Forts in Cumbria and the Lake District

Birdoswald
Ambleside
Hard Knott
Ravenglass
Crosscanonby
Wigton
Plumpton

 

Motte and Bailey Castles in Cumbria and the Lake District

Kendal Castle Howe
Tebay Castle Howe
Sedbergh Castlehaw
Waitby Castle

 

Norman Castles in Cumbria and the Lake District

Appleby Castle
Bewley Castle
Bewcastle Castle
Brough Castle
Brougham Castle
Carlisle Castle
Cockermouth Castle
Dalton Castle
Egremont Castle
Kendal Castle
Kirkoswald Castle
Lammerside Castle
Pendragon Castle
Penrith Castle
Piel Castle
Triermain Castle

 

Medieval Castles based on Pele Towers

Dacre Castle
Greystoke Castle
Muncaster Castle
Rose Castle
Sizergh Castle
Scaleby Castle

 

Modern ‘Castles’

Augill Castle
Edmond Castle
Lowther Castle
Toppin Castle
Whitehaven Castle
Wray Castle

See also Pele Towers.
See also Hadrian’s Wall.

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