Castles in Cumbria

Julius Caesar landed twice in Britain in 55 BC and 56 BC, but the lasting occupation started in AD 43. Throughout the period of Roman rule, the north west was primarily a military region, with a complex of roads and defences. The Roman Fort was a key factor in the control of a country, and some form of fortification was built at regular intervals along the main roads.

 

When William the Conqueror had established his rule over the main part of Britain, he consolidated his position by putting his loyal supporters in castles across the country, in a similar process to that used by the Romans. Castle building was undertaken by the King and his Norman barons.

 

By Tudor times, castles were built for their magnificence and comfort rather than their defensive might. Many old castles were dismantled so the stone could be used for modern buildings.

Roman Forts in Cumbria and the Lake District

Birdoswald

Ambleside

Hard Knott

Ravenglass

Crosscanonby

Wigton

Plumpton

 

Motte and Bailey Castles in Cumbria and the Lake District

Kendal Castle Howe

Tebay Castle Howe

Sedbergh Castlehaw

Waitby Castle

 

Norman Castles in Cumbria and the Lake District

Appleby Castle

Bewley Castle

Bewcastle Castle

Brough Castle

Brougham Castle

Carlisle Castle

Cockermouth Castle

Dalton Castle

Egremont Castle

Kendal Castle

Kirkoswald Castle

Lammerside Castle

Pendragon Castle

Penrith Castle

Piel Castle

Triermain Castle

 

Medieval Castles based on Pele Towers

Dacre Castle

Greystoke Castle

Muncaster Castle

Rose Castle

Sizergh Castle

Scaleby Castle

 

Modern ‘Castles’

Augill Castle

Edmond Castle

Lowther Castle

Toppin Castle

Whitehaven Castle

Wray Castle

See also Pele Towers.
See also Hadrian’s Wall.

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